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Links to all papers, below:






  1. Blease, C., Salmi, L., DesRoches, C. M. (2020). Open notes in cancer care: Coming soon to patients. The Lancet Oncology

  2. Blease, C., Delbanco, T., Torous, J., Ponten, M., DesRoches, C. M., Hagglund, M., Walker, J., Kirsch, I. (2020). Sharing Clinical Notes, and Placebo and Nocebo Effects: Can documentation affect patient health? Journal of Health Psychology

  3. Blease, C., Fernandez, L., Bell, S. K., Delbanco, T., DesRoches, C. M. (2020). Empowering patients and reducing inequities: Is there potential in sharing clinical notes? BMJ Quality and Safety

  4. Blease, C., O'Neill, S., Walker, J., Hägglund, M., Torous, T. (2020) Sharing notes with mental health patients: Balancing risks with respect. The Lancet Psychiatry.

  5. Doraiswamy, P. M., Blease, C., Bodner, K. (2020) Artificial intelligence and the future of psychiatry: Insights from a global physician survey. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

  6. Blease, C., Bell, S. K. (2019). Patients as diagnostic collaborators: Sharing visit notes to promote safety and accuracy. Diagnosis 6(3).

  7. Blease, C., Kaptchuk, T. J., Bernstein, M. H., Mandl, K. D., Halamka, J. D., DesRoches, C. M. (2019). Artificial intelligence and the future of primary care: An exploratory study of UK GPs' views. Journal of Medical Internet Research 21(3).

  8. Blease, C., Bernstein, M. H., Gaab, J., Kaptchuk, T. J., Kossowsky, J., Mandl, K. D., Davis, R. B., DesRoches, C. M. (2018). Computerization and the future of primary care: A survey of General Practictioners in the UK. PLOS ONE 13(12), p.e0207418.


  1. Kube, T., Blease, C., Ballou, S., Kaptchuk T. J. (2019). Hope in medicine: Applying multidisciplinary insights. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62(4):591-616.

  2. Blease, C. (2017) Philosophy's territorialism: Scientists can talk about values too. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24(3): 231-234.

  3. Corr, M., Roulston,  G., King, N., Dornan, T., Blease, C., Gormley, G. (2017) Living with ‘melanoma’…for a day: A phenomenological analysis of medical students’ simulated experiences. British Journal of Dermatology, 177(3):771-778. 

  4. Blease, C., Carel, H., Geraghty, K. (2016). Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare Encounters: Evidence from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Journal of Medical Ethics 42(8): 549-557 (Editor's Choice).

  5. Blease, C. (2016) Embracing utility: The medical humanities and medical education. Medical Humanities 42(2), 103-108. (Editor’s Choice for a Special Issue on Patient-hood).

  6. Blease, C. (2010). Scientific Progress and the Prospects for Culture-Bound Syndromes. Studies in the History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41: 333-339.

  7. Blease, C. (2012). Dismissing Depression: Folk Theorising and Stigmatization. In: R. Cooper and H. Carel, eds. Health, Illness and Disease: Philosophical Essays, Chapter 10: pp. 175-188. (London: Acumen).

PLACEBO STUDIES (includes: philosophy of science; ethics; surveys)

  1. Bernstein, M. H., Locher, C., Kube, T., Stewart-Ferrer, S., Buergler, S., Blease, C. (2020). Putting 'art' into the 'art of medicine': The underexplored role of artifacts in placebo studies. Frontiers in Psychology.

  2. Bernstein, M. H., Locher, C., Stewart-Ferrer, S., Buergler, S., DesRoches, C. M., Dossett, M. L., Miller, F. G., Grose, D. & Blease, C. (2020) Primary care providers’ use of and attitudes towards placebos: An exploratory focus group study with US physicians. British Journal of Health Psychology.

  3. Locher, C., Gaab, J., Blease, C., Inderbinen, M., Kost, L., & Koechlin, H. (2020). Placebos are part of the solution, not the problem. An exemplification on the case of antidepressants in pediatric chronic pain conditions. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 998.

  4. Blease, C., (2019) The role of placebos in family medicine: Implications of evidence and ethics for general practitioners. Australian Journal of General Practice. 48(10): 8-12.

  5. Bernstein, M., Magill, M., Weiss, A.-P., Kaptchuk. T. J., Blease, C., Kirsch, I., Rich, J., Becker, S., Mach, S., Beaudoin, F. (2019). Are conditioned open placebos feasible as an adjunctive treatment to opioids? Results from a single-group dose-extender pilot study with acute pain patients. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

  6. Blease, C., Bernstein, M. H., Locher, C. (2019). Open-label placebo clinical trials: Is it the rationale, the interaction, or the pill? BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.

  7. Blease, C., Annoni, A. (2019). Overcoming disagreement: A roadmap for placebo studies. Biology and Philosophy 34:18.

  8. Blease, C. (2018). Psychotherapy and placebos: Manifesto for conceptual clarity. Frontiers in Psychiatry 9, 379.

  9. Locher, C., Gaab, J. Blease, C. (2018). When a placebo is not a placebo: Problems and solutions to the gold standard in psychotherapy research. Frontiers in Psychology 9, 2317.

  10. Blease, C., Annoni, A., Hutchinson, P. Editors’ Introduction to Special Section on Meaning Response and the Placebo Effect. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61(3):349-352.

  11. Blease, C. (2018). Consensus in placebo studies: Lessons from the philosophy of science. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61(3):412-430.

  12. Annoni, M. & Blease, C. (2018) A critical (and cautiously optimistic) appraisal of Moerman’s meaning response. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61(3):349-352

  13. Friesen, P., & Blease, C. (2018). Placebo effects and racial and ethnic health disparities: An unjust and underexplored connection. Journal of Medical Ethics, 44(11): 774-781.

  14. Evers, A. W. M. , Colloca L., Blease C., et al. (2018). Implications of Placebo and Nocebo Effects for Clinical Practice: Consensus of a Group of Experts. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 87(4): 204-210

  15. Gaab, J., Locher, C., Blease, C. (2018) Placebo and psychotherapy: Differences, similarities, and implications. International Review of Neurobiology 138:241-245.

  16. Blease, C.,  Bishop, F., Kaptchuk, T. (2017) Informed consent and clinical trials: Where is the placebo effect? BMJ 356:j463 doi: 10.1136/bmj.j463

  17. Blease, C. & Kirsch, I. (2016). Introduction to Special Issue on Psychotherapy and the Placebo Effect (Eds.C. Blease & I. Kirsch), Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research and Practice 3(2):105-107.

  18. Blease,C., Colloca, L., Kaptchuk, T. (2016). Are open-label placebos ethical? Informed consent and ethical equivocations. Bioethics 30(6):407-414.

  19. Blease, C. (2015). Authorized concealment and authorized deception: Well-intended secrets are likely to induce nocebo effects'. American Journal of Bioethics 15(10): 23-25.

  20. Blease, C. (2013). Electroconvulsive Therapy, the Placebo Effect and Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 39(3):166-170.

  21. Blease, C. (2013). Electroconvulsive Therapy: The Importance of Informed Consent and ‘Placebo Literacy’. (Response to Julie K. Hersh). Journal of Medical Ethics 39(3): 175-6.

  22. Blease, C. (2012). The Principle of Parity: The Placebo and Physician Communication. Journal of Medical Ethics 38(4):199-203.1.


  1. Gaab, J., Annoni, M., Blease, C., Gerger, H., Locher, C. (forthcoming). The good treatment: A biopsychosocioethical proposition. Perspectives in Person-Centered Healthcare. Edited by M. Loughlin. Springer.

  2. Annoni, M. & Blease, C. (forthcoming). Persons over models: Shared person-centred healthcare. In Perspectives in Person-Centred Healthcare. Edited by M. Loughlin. Springer.

  3. Blease, C. & Geraghty, K. (2018). Are ME/CFS organizations ‘militant’? Patient protest in a medical controversy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1-9.

  4. Geraghty, K. J., & Blease, C. (2018). Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome and the biopsychosocial model: a review of patient harm and distress in the medical encounter. Disability and rehabilitation, 1-10.

  5. Blease, C. (2014). The Duty to be Well-Informed: The Case of Depression. Journal of Medical Ethics 40(4):225-229.

  6. Blease, C. (2011). Deception as Treatment: The Case of Depression. Journal of Medical Ethics 37(1): 13-16.


  1. Blease, C., Trachsel, M., Kelley, J. M. Patient information on evidence and clinical effectiveness of psychotherapy. In: Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

  2. Grosse Holtforth, M., Gomez Penedo, J. M., Locher, C., Blease, C., Castonguay, L. G. Psychotherapy integration as an ethical practice. In: Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

  3. Blease, C., Arnott, T., Kelley, J. M., Proctor, G., Kube, T., Gaab, J., Locher, C. (2020) Attitudes about informed consent: An exploratory analysis of UK psychotherapy trainees. Frontiers in Psychiatry.

  4. Blease, C. and Kelley, J. M. Does disclosure about the common factors affect laypersons' opinions about how cognitive behavioral therapy works? Frontiers in Psychology 9:2635.

  5. Blease, C., Kelley, J. M., & Trachsel, M. (2018). Informed Consent in Psychotherapy: Implications of Evidence-Based Practice. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 48(2):69-78.

  6. Geraghty, K., Blease, C. (2016). Cognitive behavioural therapy in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome: A narrative review on efficacy and informed consent. Journal of Health Psychology 23(1):127-138.

  7. Blease, C. Lilienfeld, S., Kelley, J. (2016) Evidence-based practice and psychological treatments: The imperatives of informed consent. Frontiers in Psychology 7(1170).

  8. Blease, C., Trachsel, M., Grosse Holtforth, M. (2016). Paternalism, placebos, and informed consent in psychotherapy: The challenge of ethical disclosure. Verhaltenstherapie (26(1): 22-30

  9. Gaab, J., Blease, C., Locher, C., Gerger, H. Go open: A plea for transparency in psychotherapy. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 3(2):175-198 .

  10. Blease, C. (2015). Talking More about Talking Cures: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 41: 750-755.

  11. Blease, C. (2015). Informed Consent, the Placebo Effect, and Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. In: T. Schramme, ed., New Perspectives on Paternalism and Healthcare. (Springer-Verlag).


  1. Blease, C. (2015). Too few ‘likes’, too many ‘friends’? What Evolutionary Psychology tells us about Facebook Depression. Review of General Psychology 19(1):1-13.

  2. Blease, C. (2012). Mental Health Illiteracy? The Unnaturalness of Perceiving Depression as a Disorder. Review of General Psychology 16(1): 59-69.


  1. Blease, C. (2019) Philosophy Ireland. In: A. Fulford, G. Lockrobin & R. Smith, eds., Philosophy and community: Theories, Practices, and Possibilities. London, UK: Bloomsbury.


  1. Locher, C., Gaab, J., Loughlin, M., Blease, C. (2018). Book Review: After placebo by Robin Nunn. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24:1265-1267.

  2. Blease, C. (2016). Interview with Professor Deborah Bowman, Editor of Medical Humanities 42:200-204.

  3. Blease, C. (2015). Is psychotherapy a licence to deceive? In: J. Humphreys, Unthinkable: Great Ideas for Now, pp. 212-215 (Dublin, Ireland: Irish Times Books).

  4. Blease, C. (2015). Missing the boat: CSR needs empirically literate philosophers. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion 3(1): 43.

  5. Blease, C. & Cooper, R. (2015). Kuhn. In: R. Cautin and S. Lilienfeld, eds., Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell).

  6. Blease, C. & Cooper, R. (2015). Kuhn's Paradigms. In: R. Cautin and S. Lilienfeld, eds., Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell).

  7. Cooper, R. & Blease, C. (2014). Duhem-Quine Thesis. In: R. Cautin and S. Lilienfeld, eds., Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell).

  8. Blease, C. (2011). Eliminative Materialism. In: M. Bruce and S. Barbone, eds., Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy, pp. 348-349. (Oxford, UK: Blackwell-Wiley)

© 2020 C. R. Blease



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